“Political tensions in Nigeria”
By: Clay Gloetzner
Unless given the opportunity to hear about it from a local, it could be challenging to understand what other cultures are like firsthand.
On Tuesday, September 24, CF was honored with the opportunity to host a lecture by a Professor from the University of Ibadan in Nigeria. A teacher of Political Science, Doctor Victor Adefemi Isumonah, came to CF through the sponsorship of the CF Model United Nations, the Patriot Politics and the CF Foundation.
Isumonah’s presentation, “Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria: Tensions and Challenges,” presented the fact that Nigeria is highly divided. The political differences between the Northern and Southern regions of Nigeria are due to their historical political orientations and values. The North favored governmental assignments while the South preferred the democratic process, where the officials are elected by merit instead of familial ties.
“Most people who are wealthy in Africa have achieved that through the exploitation of political power, not through productivity,” Isumonah said.
He explained how before the election of Olusegun Obasanjo in 1999, the Northern region locked the populace into a fixed social status. The president can use the police to achieve his objectives, which often times means to settle conflict. The conflict within this country is mostly between ethnic groups, not states. With over 680 different ethnic groups, tension has grown within Nigeria.
Between the years of 1999 and 2007, Nigeria was led by President Olusegun Obasanjo. Economic growth, during this time, doubled during Obasanjo’s reign of power than that of the president before him. Despite the many cases of oil theft though out the country, Nigeria still maintains the title as one of the leading producers of oil in the world.
“It was informative to learn how the historical political backgrounds on the northern and southern parts of Nigeria influence the country’s current political orientations,” said student Alex Orta, Business Administration Major.
By the end of the lecture, it was made clear that Isumonah spoke of the economic and political aspects of Nigeria from the inside out. Within the remaining minutes of the lecture, Isumonah gave the listeners something to ponder.
“Lack of peace in one part of the world, effects the rest of the world, even though they are differently effected.”